Delivery Process

The process of baby delivery, also known as childbirth or labor, typically occurs in three main stages

Stage 1: Early Labor, Active Labor, and Transition

Early Labor: This is the initial phase of labor when the cervix starts to efface (thin out) and dilate (open). It is characterized by mild contractions that gradually become more frequent and intense. During this stage, the woman may experience backache, cramps, and a bloody show.

Active Labor: As labor progresses, contractions become stronger, longer, and more frequent. The cervix continues to dilate more rapidly. It is during this stage that the woman enters active labor and may feel the need to focus and breathe through contractions. This phase is when the woman is usually admitted to the hospital or birthing center.

Transition: Transition marks the end of the first stage of labor. Contractions reach their peak intensity, occurring every 2-3 minutes and lasting about 60-90 seconds. The cervix fully dilates to 10 centimeters. During the transition, the woman may experience increased pressure, shaking, nausea, and a strong urge to push.


Stage 2: Delivery of the Baby

In this stage, the woman actively pushes to help the baby move through the birth canal. The baby’s head crowns, and with each contraction and push, the baby’s head emerges. Once the head is out, the rest of the baby’s body follows. The doctor or midwife guides the delivery, supporting the perineum if necessary. The baby is born during this stage.

Stage 3: Delivery of the Placenta

After the baby is born, the uterus continues to contract, causing the placenta (afterbirth) to separate from the uterine wall. The healthcare provider assists in delivering the placenta by gently pulling on the umbilical cord. This stage is usually shorter and less intense than the previous stages.

It’s important to note that the duration and progression of labor can vary for each woman. The stages described here provide a general overview, but the actual experience may differ. It is advisable to follow the guidance of healthcare professionals and attend prenatal classes to learn more about the stages of labor and how to prepare for childbirth.


Most frequent questions and answers

A major benefit when it comes to vaginal birth is that the child is exposed to what is known as “beneficial bacteria” in their mother’s birth canal. As the baby moves through the birth canal, fluid passes through the baby’s nose and mouth, making its way into the digestive system.

Prenatal care can help keep you and your baby healthy. Babies of mothers who do not get prenatal care are three times more likely to have a low birth weight and five times more likely to die than those born to mothers who do get care. Doctors can spot health problems early when they see mothers regularly.

The cheapest way to give birth is usually at home. With a home birth, you aren’t paying the enormous hospital fees, but there are also more risks involved. Delivering at a birthing center can also be cheaper than a hospital birth.

Women in the postnatal period need to maintain a balanced diet, just as they did during pregnancy. Iron and folic acid supplementation should also continue for 3 months after birth. Women who are breastfeeding require additional food and should drink sufficient clean water.




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